The ruins of the Industrial Republic

One day, while the students of the Užice Technical School were going to lessons, on the rotatory of the Prvi Partizan, they found themselves in front of an empty building, like in a horror movie: on the building there was written FASAU. On the way back from Auto Ventil (a factory that produces parts for the car cooling system) the students asked the professor what was once in that building. The professor answered: "You see children, this was a factory that produced parts for the faucet once, which rivalled with the Italian ones by quality, the factory however was closed in the 90s and now this is what remains of it."

25/10/2019 at 20:58

Today not even the building remains, they tore it down to make a trade centre. Pride of the Užice industry, now doesn't exist anymore. That's not the only factory that was closed, the not-less famous Cveta Dabić also closed, this one produced towels, and although it wasn't exactly the most environmentally friendly, it could have been converted and modernised. The factory was sold on a prise worth less than one single machine that it held, which says a lot about the theft that the people suffered: today wattles sprout from the building and the roof is half collapsed. On the entrance to the city, when you take the road to Sevojno, you can also find the building of the failed leather goods factory, a perfect place to make a horror movie. The interesting thing is that Prvi Partizan, which is second by ammunition production in the USA, is still active although in deep debt. The last thing that the Mayor of Užice inaugurated was a beach elevator.
Giants closed down, yet how many factories failed of which we don't know anything? A primary example of the planned destruction is the Zastava Automobili, which once produced cars for the American market and which has been bought by the FIAT, however not with its debts. Zastava had many planned models for cars which never saw the light of the day, among which electric cars. In a period in which electric cars conquer slowly but steadily the market, the project which could have saved and strengthen the Zastava was never took into consideration.
The list goes on, the destruction continues with the Electronic Industry of Niš (EI Niš) and the Sever Subotica factory. The former could have produced electronics for Serbia or even for the whole Former Yugoslavia: EI Niš in the 80s produced computers, now it's bankrupt. Sever Subotica worked fine even during the period of sanctions, yet collapsed completely and was sold to an Italian company during the "Transition Period" the same way as Zastava. Local factories which were able to enter the World market with the cooperation of foreign ones, were shut down and closed, yet the situation isn't any better in Croatia, Slovenia or Bosnia, like any other Former Yugoslavian country. It seems like the fight of our people for a better future and a stronger country fell through when after the 90s bloody wars which shut down factories like the SOKO from Mostar, which stopped the development of Đure Đaković in Slavonski Brod or which barely manage to survive like Prva Petoletka in Trstenik, the last one which was retaken by the workers and who managed to rebuild it, bringing it back on the World market, although they don't produce parts for the Boeing anymore, they still produce hydraulics parts for Russian and Belorussian factories.
The only solution is that our workers take back the factories, since nothing good can be expected from foreign investors since they are here only for their private gain, of which FIAT is a primary example, so that in the end they leave workers on the streets.

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Borba (Fight) was a Yugoslav newspaper active from 1944 to 1991. Following Yugoslavia's collapse its activity stopped and its company got privatized. Borba 2017 continues their dream publishing news and thoughts translated in three languages both from Yugoslavia and the world.

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